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Lesson Plans
Frog and Toad - A Story Retelling

CCSS Reading/Literature
  • RL.K.1: With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
  • RL.K.2: With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.
  • RL.K.9: With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

Materials Needed


Ask students, “Do you have a special friend whom you like to spend time with? What do you like to do together?” Invite students to share responses.

Then ask, “How are you and your friend alike? How are you different?” Invite students to share responses.

Hold up a copy of the book Frog and Toad Are Friends by Arnold Lobel, and tell students, “We are going to read two different stories from this book about two special friends named Frog and Toad. As I read the two stories aloud, I want you to think about what activities they do together. Also, listen for ways the two stories are alike and ways that they are different.”


  1. Read aloud “A Swim” and “The Letter” from Frog and Toad Are Friends by Arnold Lobel.
  2. Ask students, “How are Frog and Toad alike? How are they different?” Invite students to share their responses.
  3. Then discuss the similarities and differences between the two stories. For example, you could ask:
    • Where does “A Swim” take place? (the river) Where does “The Letter” take place? (Toad’s house and Frog’s house)
    • What is the problem in “A Swim”? (Toad does not want anyone to see him in his bathing suit, because he thinks he looks funny in it.) How is the problem solved? (Eventually, Toad comes out of the water, and everyone laughs at him because he looks funny in his bathing suit.)
    • What is the problem in “The Letter”? (Toad is sad because he never gets mail.) How is the problem solved? (Frog writes a letter to Toad and sends it in the mail.)
    • What is similar about the two stories? What is different? (In each story, Toad has a problem, and Frog tries to solve it. In “A Swim,” Frog does not solve the problem. In “The Letter,” Frog does solve the problem.)
    • How do the characters act in each story? Does Frog seem to have the same personality in the first story as he does in the second? How about Toad? (Toad is easily embarrassed and sensitive. Frog is helpful and obliging. The characters’ personalities are the same in both stories.)
  4. Encourage students to compare the two stories’ events, themes and characters. Have them write down their observations.

Independent Practice
  1. Give students a copy of the Frog and Toad character templates and background templates.
  2. Have them color, cut out and glue the character templates to jumbo craft sticks. (You may want to precut the character templates for younger students.)
  3. Tape the backgrounds to a wall or side of a table and allow students to use their stick puppets to “act out” one of the stories as they retell it. Or divide the class into small groups, and have one student retell the story while two students act out the parts of Frog and Toad with their puppets.

View the preschool–kindergarten lesson plan. (Includes all printable materials.)
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